The First History of Computers Worldwide – The history of modern computers began by Charles Babbage in the early 20th century. Babbage, an engineer and mathematician, came up with an idea to create an analysis engine that made it possible to automatically calculate groups of numbers. Although Babbage succeeded with the concept, the practice was not smooth. The problem lies in the series of machines that must be made by hand, even though the circuit consists of thousands of parts.
Although it failed, the Babbage project with the British government succeeded in showing that it was not impossible to create an automatic calculation tool. The findings from England even then encouraged scientists, mathematicians, and mechanical engineers to create computing machines. Bandar Ceme Terbaik
After Babbage’s failure, many computing machine technologies emerged. But unfortunately many of these findings deviated from the concept of Babbage’s computer that is programmed and can be used for various computing purposes. Computers in those days were known as analog computers.
The first modern analog computer appeared in 1872. The machine invented by Sir William Thomson was a device for predicting waves of sea water. A few years later, precisely in 1876 James Thomson created a modern analog computer that was able to First History Computers solve several equations using the mechanism of the rotation of the wheels and discs.
The peak of the creation of analog computers arrived when H.L. Hazen and Vannevar Bush created a more complex analog computer by combining Thomson’s findings with the torque amplifier H. H. Nieman’s findings. This device even survived until 1950 for some special purposes such as education and aviation, before being displaced by the presence of digital computers.
The history of computers then revolves around digital mechanisms. In 1938, the American Navy succeeded in creating an electromechanical analog-based computer. This finding is a breakthrough because the size of the device produced is quite practical (can be transported by a submarine) and does not require as much operating power as an early generation analog computer.
The findings from America later gave birth to several computers that use electromechanical programs, one of which was Z3 created by a German engineer, Konrad Zuse. This computer was then called the first digital computer. Zuse Z3 created using a binary number system that is more simple and practical when compared to the decimal system used by Babbage.
From Z3, move to the Colossus which was built by Max Newman. Colossus until now recorded as the first digital computer that can be programmed electronically. After Colossus, computer history shifted to ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer). This machine is similar to Colossus, but the speed is better and also more flexible.
To operate ENIAC, users must enter the program manually into the machine using a special switch. The engine itself is a “giant” size, weighing up to 30 tons and using electric power up to 200 kW.
Computer history then moved to the use of integrated circuits (integrated circuits). Integrated circuit is a device made of semiconductor material with all integrated electrical components. First History of Computers This concept was coined by Geoffrey W.A. Dummer. The application itself is carried out by several parties, but the most famous are Jack Kilby (Texas Instruments) and Robert Noyce (Fairchild Semiconductor).