German Confidential Documents Reveal Human Rights Crimes in Xinjiang – The humanitarian situation in Xinjiang, China, has worsened in recent years, claims a secret document belonging to the German Foreign Ministry was leaked to the media. The Berlin account summarizes the “significant increase” of repressive actions and systemic discrimination in China against the Uighur minority.
Yet even so the German government tends to be cautious when raising this serious problem to China. Too much economic interest is at stake, analysts claim. At present a line of German companies such as Siemens, BASF or Volkswagen, operate their plants in Xinjiang.
Confidential documents about human rights violations in Xinjiang were collected by the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs from reports from human rights institutions, humanitarian advocates, international organizations and foreign embassies, in December 2019. The report would later be used by the Federal Agency for Migration and Refugees to determine applications for asylum from China.
‘Sexual Violence and Death “in the Re-Education Camp
According to the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs, currently more than one million Uighurs in Xinjiang have been declared missing in prison or reeducation camps built by the Chinese government since 2016. Most were detained indefinitely, some were transferred to forced labor camps, others were sent home under supervision local authority.
The report claims the motto “transformation through education” used by the Chinese government is in reality a “subtle expression for a rigorous ideological training program.” Germany also records reports of persecution, sexual violence and death cases in Chinese re-education camps. Bandar Judi Ceme Terpercaya
Uighurs who have families abroad are also closely monitored. Those who routinely communicate with relatives on the run also often land in interrogation rooms or detention camps.
Dismissed and ‘disappeared’
According to the report, the Chinese government, among others, pressured the governments of Egypt, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Pakistan and Thailand to deport Uighurs back to China. There were no further reports about their “whereabouts” who were driven from fugitives, the German foreign ministry noted.
Chinese citizens considered to be a “subversive” group threatened to disappear “forever” if they were returned to China. In addition to the ethnic Uighurs, ethnic minorities from Tibet also received similar treatment.
During this time the government in Beijing argued that a military approach in Xinjiang was needed to combat terrorism. The last terror attack occurred in 2014, when a bomb exploded in Urumqi and killed 31 people. Since then China has tightened its control over ethnic Uighurs.
In its report, the German Foreign Ministry acknowledged the relationship between armed separatist groups in the Uighurs and terror organizations such as the Taliban in Afghanistan and Al-Qaeda.
But in its policy of curbing terrorist acts in Xinjiang. The Chinese government seems to want to punish all ethnic Uighurs. Including efforts to eliminate local identity by restricting the development of language, religion and culture of Uighurs. In addition they are also placed under electronic supervision.
The report noted that the government suspects that all Muslim citizens support or actively spread extremist views.
Soft attitude of the German Government
The Uighurs identified themselves as citizens of East Turkistan. Ethnology experts note that most Uighurs feel closer to Central Asian culture than China. They demand independence or broader autonomy rights for Xinjiang.
But even though the German government is aware of the humanitarian situation in China. State officials tend to remain silent or soften in the public sphere. Last November 2019, Chancellor Angela Merkel admitted that the government indeed “had to criticize” the situation in Xinjiang, but he did not give details.
Last year Foreign Minister Heiko Maas asked China to abide by human rights protection and urged Beijing to “clarify its position” regarding detention camps for religious minorities.
In his interview with the daily Süddeutasche Zeitung. Maas said “if” hundreds of thousands of Uighurs are really “detained” in reeducation camps. “then the international community cannot turn a blind eye,” he said.